Women’s Empowerment at the Frontline of Adaptation

Annex 7: Conclusive analysis of impact of climate and other changes on women

Key emerging issues 1. Increase in women’s

Women specific gaps/challenges

Specific opportunities and needs

• Women unable to grab opportunities: limited or no access to local level climate change and other development resources/ funds, related training, skills, knowledge, technologies, including, leadership positions etc. • Less/no time for leisure: increased fatigue • Decrease in women’s mobility: less time for community work and natural resource management/conservation • Decline in women’s participation in local level climate change-related planning and decision making processes • Limited/no access to new knowledge, information to adapt to climate change • Women’s increased dependency on men/ household heads for money– resulting in loss of financial independence, increased loans and increased subordination of women • Decreased/no access and control over local level climate funds and resources (decisions, distribution and benefit sharing) • Exclusion from local level climate change planning processes • De-acceleration of the momentum gained in women’s empowerment process - e.g. disintegration of the women groups; decrease in women’s participation, leadership in key decision-making forums, bodies etc. • Decrease in women’s mobility and overall empowerment process. • Specific women’s needs and barriers to access resources, new technologies, funds etc. not understood and recognized by development interventions/service providers • Service delivery mechanisms not sensitive towards poor and marginalized women • Access to timely and appropriate health services • Diversion of financial resources for health instead of investment on income generation

• Support/introduce low carbon emission and time saving technologies for women (e.g., for cooking, drinking water, irrigation, agro-processing, etc.) • Direct support for small infrastructure (development, grants, subsidies, etc. that directly support women) • Link with larger climate change and development programmes such as National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme, Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC); NCCSP, Local Governance and Community Development Programme (LGCDP) • Leadership and gender training/package for rural women and men • Promotion of insurance for crops, livestock, etc. • Strengthen men to support women’s leadership • Needs assessments on poor and marginalized women’s technology needs • Technical support and inputs to adapt to climate change • Targeted financial support (provision of grants, subsidies, and funds for enterprise development etc.) • Appropriate skill training based on socioeconomic assessment • Link time-saving energy technologies with enterprises • Area specific in-depth analysis/studies on the needs and key barriers to women’s access to new technologies, extension services, and credit facilities • Develop awareness campaign and disseminate knowledge on climate change and about the available resources • Gender training, coaching, and mentoring for service providing agencies (e.g., on gender, gender analysis, organizational change for gender equality, etc.) • Strengthen rural women’s leadership (e.g., by training, coaching, and mentoring) • Engage men to support women’s leadership • Introduction and inclusion of psychosocial approaches in extension/training packages • Awareness raising and link with existing organizations working on human and women’s rights • Analysis and studies to understand the linkages between climate change and violence against women • Strengthen and develop practical mechanisms between service provider institutions for coordinated inputs and services • Strengthen local-level planning process to ensure involvement of poor women (e.g., integration/provision of gender equality and social inclusion [GESI] analysis at VDC level) • Improve access to health services particularly for the poor and marginalized women (innovate mechanisms and systems) • Qualitative scoping studies on the effects of climate change on women and barriers to health facilities

workload and drudgery

2. Need for

alternative technologies and new knowledge

3. Limited/

no access to financial resources

4. Loss of

traditional and new income of women

5. Reinforcement of exclusion of women 6. Backsliding of rural women’s achievements and roles 7. Declining of women’s leadership

8. Increase in

violence against women

9. Mismatch between

demand and supply

10. Increasing

health issues


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