The Environmental Crime Crisis
Illegal logging and the Congo con ict
Rwenzori National Park
Kibale National Park
Maiko National Park
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
Virunga National Park
Bwindi Impenetrable Park
Monitored between 1990 and 2003 Reported between 2005 and 2010
Coltan and cassiterite mine Gold mine
Area cotrolled by rebels Area with strong rebel in uence Security related incidents against Humanitarian Organizations in 2009 and 2010
Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Sources: UNOCHA , series of maps ; The Woods Hole Research Center, UNFCCC-COP, Reducing Co 2 Emissions from Deforestation And Degradation in The Democratic Republic of Congo: A First Look, 2007; Institut Géographi- que National Congolaise; Global Witness, “Faced with a gun, what can you do?”, 2009; The Guardian press release; Institute for Environmental Security, interactive database, accessed in March 2012.
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Figure 9: Illegal logging directly fuels many conflicts, as timber is a resource available for conflict profiteers or to finance arms sales. Without public order, militants, guerrillas or military units impose taxes on logging companies or charcoal producers, issue false export permits and control border points. They frequently demand the removal of all vehicle checkpoints and public patrolling of resource-rich areas as part of the peace conditions following new land claims and offensives.
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