Women’s Empowerment at the Frontline of Adaptation

Box 8: Different uses of the forest by women and men Activities Female Male Major activities done in forest Forest management: Plantation, lopping, weeding, forest protection. Preventive – drawing fire line, fencing, forest patrolling; labor contribution in construction inside forest; resource identification etc.

Forest management: Develop and define forest related policy for community; Fix meetings and make decisions - technical work such as forest survey, measurement, resource allocation, attend training/meeting outside the village, etc. Forest product collection: Logging, collection of NTFP including honey (mainly for marketing). Fixing price of the products; control fund generated by selling forest products; act as a secondary collector of NTFPs primarily collected by women. Household requirements: Mainly timber, Income Generation: High value products (e.g., resin tapping, yarsagumba, panchaule, bhirmaha) mainly for marketing; raw materials for furniture, trophy hunting; allowance allotted for key posts of Community Forest Users’ Group; poor and socially marginalized men also collect the same NTFPs as women

Forest product collection: Grass, fuel wood, fodder, forage, NTFPs, water, soil (oven); transportation of forest products they collect

Major resources obtained from forest

Household requirements: Litter, fuel wood, charcoal, forage, fodder, water, grasses and leaves (both for fodder, compost and bedding materials for livestock), soil, fish etc. Income generation: NTFPs (e.g., chiraito, agelo, lokta, masino, panchaule) and edible plants and herbs (e.g., mushrooms, asparagus, bhayakur, ferns); raw materials for small scale enterprise ( dry fruits, leaf plates), thatch grasses; medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs); Selling firewood; NTFPs; raw materials for small scale enterprise – leaf for leaf plates, thatch grasses; medicinal and aromatic Plants (MAPs); eco-tourism-home stay

Cash benefits from the forest

Timber, high value NTFPs (resin tapping), plant and animal parts; Raw materials for large scale industries: carpentry, furniture venture; Eco-tourism: large scale hotels; job opportunity as tourist guide

Source: Action Research on Gender and REDD+ in Nepal (WEDO 2013)


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