The Contribution of Space Technologies to Arctic Policy Priorities
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Policy Implications Sovereignty N/A Safety
States shall take effective measures to ensure that no storage or disposal of hazardous materials shall take place in the lands or territories of indigenous peoples without their free, prior and informed consent. States shall also take effective measures to ensure that programmes for monitoring, maintaining and restoring the health of indigenous peoples, as developed and implemented by the peoples affected by such materials, are duly implemented. States shall in consultation and cooperation with indigenous peoples take specific measures to protect indigenous children from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development. Indigenous peoples have the right to the conservation and protection of the environment and the productive capacity of their lands or territories and resources. States shall establish and implement assistance programmes for indigenous peoples for such conservation and protection, without discrimination. The Declaration promotes the right of indigenous people to pursue their own economic development. The Declaration also establishes the need to consult with peoples before exploration or exploitation of natural resources, including water, would happen on their land. The Declaration addresses issues such as, identity, language, health, traditional livelihoods, connectivity and education and provides guidance on harmonious, cooperative relationships with Indigenous peoples. It also states the right to self-determination of indigenous peoples, which implies the right to autonomy or self-government and rights to lands, territories and resources.
Indigenous and Social Development
States shall take effective measures, consult, and cooperate with Indigenous Peoples to comply with all articles in this Declaration Capability to: yy Have access to education in their own culture and in their own language yy Protect indigenous people from discrimination yy Promote and ensure fair treatment of indigenous people yy Monitor and assess the situation of indigenous people yy Improve economic and social conditions of indigenous people yy Monitor use/misuse of land and territory yy Mitigate adverse environmental, economic, social, cultural or spiritual impact of development or use of the land or territories yy Distribution of lands with the same or better quality inhabited and used by indigenous and tribal peoples. yy Distribution and status of natural resources within the lands inhabited and used by indigenous and tribal peoples. yy Information on land use by indigenous and tribal peoples including rural activities, hunting, fishing, trapping and gathering. yy Information on social and cultural identity and customs of indigenous peoples, language yy Distribution of service facilities (health, education) in the vicinity of the lands inhabited by indigenous and tribal peoples. yy Information on existing laws yy Information on adverse environmental, economic, social, cultural or spiritual impact of development or use of the land or territories of indigenous people yy Distribution of the population of indigenous and tribal peoples yy Distribution of the lands inhabited and used by indigenous and tribal peoples.
CONTRIBUTION OF SPACE TECHNOLOGIES TO ARCTIC POLICY PRIORITIES 66
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