The Contribution of Space Technologies to Arctic Policy Priorities
Iceland’s position in the Arctic (draft translation of Ísland á norðurslóðum) Policy Implications Sovereignty
Sovereignty is an issue. Iceland disputes the Norwegian interpretation of Norway’s sovereignty of Svalbard. The main safety issues are concerned with transportation and accidents with ships. Environmental safety is an important issue. The environmental threat from oil exploitation and transportation is highlighted. This demands heightened surveillance. Climate change has vast implications. The sovereign right to sustainable utilization of natural resources and protection of the fragile environment is the foundation of the Icelandic Arctic Policy. New shipping lanes open new opportunities for Iceland. Fishing is an important activity. Climate change affects the range of fish stocks. The right to resources is paramount. High speed Internet connections opens new possibilities in the region.
Indigenous and Social Development
Tourism is important economically, but could be a challenge to small societies. The unique cultural heritage of Arctic societies must be preserved.
The capability to: yy Monitor sea ice, make sea ice forecasts yy Communication at sea yy Survey shipping yy Telecommunications yy Monitoring fisheries and fish stocks yy Monitor oil in ice Information on: yy Ice and ice drift yy Rate of climate change yy Navigation hazards yy Ships in the area yy Potential environmental hazards.
B.1.5 Norway Meld. St. 7 (2011-2012) Nordområdene - Visjon og virkemidler (The High North – vision and means) Facts in Brief Jurisdiction: Norway Responsible Organizations: The Norwegian Government Status: Will be passed by parliament in April 2012, builds on earlier strategies and white papers Type: Government White Paper Coverage: Norway, including Spitsbergen and the surrounding waters Web link: http://www.regjeringen.no/pages/35878716/PDFS/STM201120120007000DDDPDFS.pdf (in Norwegian only) Policy Objectives The main focus is on foreign Policy and how this can contribute to welfare and value creation in the country through seven
strategic areas/development lines: 1) A new energy region in Europe 2) A new industry era in the north 3) A pioneer area for integrated marine management 4) The polar ocean’s growing attraction 5) A global knowledge bank for the environment, climate and society 6) Strong and innovative collaboration in the North 7) A new geopolitical center of the North There are four overriding objectives: yy to secure peace, stability and predictability yy to secure the entire eco-based management of the region yy to strengthen international cooperation and the international legal order yy to strengthen the basis for employment, value creation and welfare in the whole country through regional and national commitment, in cooperation with other countries and affected indigenous peoples.
CONTRIBUTION OF SPACE TECHNOLOGIES TO ARCTIC POLICY PRIORITIES 52
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