Agenda 21 Mountain areas were for the first time recognized and distinctly addressed during the Rio Summit in 1992. Agenda 21, the outcome of the summit, addresses mountain issues in chapter 13 “Managing Fragile Ecosystems – Sustainable Mountain Development”. AMCEN African Ministerial Conference on the Environment is increasingly focused on mountain issues. In March 2015 it committed to new initiatives that will strengthen sustainable development in Africa’s mountain ecosystems. It emphasized the importance of trans-boundary and regional frameworks.
Simien mountains, Ethiopia
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iStock/ApuuliWorld Edmund Barrow/Mt EbA Programme iStock/ChristofferVorm iStock/Guenter Guni iStock/Guenter Guni Edmund Barrow/Mt EbA Programme iStock/LuCaAr
iStock/DavorLovincic iStock/Guenter Guni
Front and back cover photos: Mubuku Valley in Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda Cartography by Nieves Izquierdo/Cartografare il Presente