ACAP (2014) Reduction of Black Carbon Emissions from Residential Wood Combustion in the Arctic – Black Carbon Inventory, Abatement Instruments and Measures. Arctic Contaminants Action Program (ACAP). ACIA (2004) Impacts of aWarmingArctic: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA). Cambridge University Press. Allen, T., Murray, K.A., Zambrana-Torrelio, C., Morse, S.S., Rondinini C., et al. (2017) Global hotspots and correlates of emerging infectious zoonotic diseases. Nature Communications, 8: 1124. AMAP (2009) Arctic Pollution 2009. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2011) Assessment 2011: Mercury in the Arctic. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2013) AMAP Assessment 2013: Arctic Ocean Acidification. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2015a) AMAP Assessment 2015: Methane as an Arctic climate forcer. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2015b) AMAP Assessment 2015: Black carbon and ozone as Arctic climate forcers. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2015c) Summary for Policy-makers: Arctic Climate Issues 2015. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2015d) Assessment 2015: Human Health in the Arctic. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2016) AMAP Assessment 2016: Chemicals of Emerging Arctic Concern. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2017a) Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA). Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2017b) Chemicals of Emerging Arctic Concern. Summary for Policy- makers. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2018) Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic (AACA) – all assessment three “perspectives” reports. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. AMAP (2018a). AMAP Assessment 2018: Arctic Ocean Acidification. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Tromsø, Norway. AMAP (2018b) AMAP Assessment 2018: Biological Effects of Contaminants onArcticWildlife and Fish. ArcticMonitoring andAssessment Programme (AMAP), Tromsø, Norway. Anderson, L. G., Ek, J., Ericson, Y., Humborg, C., Semilentov, I. Sundbom, M. and Ulfsbo, A. (2017) Export of Calcium Carbonate CorrosiveWaters from the East Siberian Sea’. Biogeosciences, 14(7): 1811–1823. Angot, H., Magand, O., Helmig, D., Ricaud, P., Quennehen, B., Gallée, H., Del Guasta, M., Sprovieri, F., Pirrone, N., Savarino, J. andDommergue, A. (2016) New insights into the atmospheric mercury cycling in central Antarctica and implications on a continental scale. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(13): 8249–8264. Anthony, K.W., von Deimling, T. S., Nitze, I., Frolking, S., Emond, A., Daanen, R, et al. (2018) 21st-century modeled permafrost carbon emissions accelerated by abrupt thaw beneath lakes. Nature Communications, 9: 3262. Arctic Council (2011) Arctic Council Task Force on Short-Lived Climate Forcers: An Assessment of Emissions and Mitigation Options for Black Carbon for the Arctic Council. Arctic Council (2017) Fairbanks Declaration. Bamber, J. L., Westaway, R., Marzeion M. B. and Wouters B. (2018) The land ice contribution to sea level during the satellite era. Environmental Research Letters, 13: 063008. Bartels, M. (2018) Melting Permafrost Below Arctic Lakes Is Even More Dangerous to the Climate, NASAWarns. Space.com, 18 August 2018. Bellard C., Cassey P. and Blackburn T. M. (2016) Alien species as a driver of recent extinctions. Biology Letters, 12: 20150623. Bellerby, R.G.J. (2017) Ocean acidification without borders. Nature Climate Change, 7: 241–242. Bergmann, M., Tekman M. B. and Gutow L. (2017a) Sea change for plastic pollution. Nature, 544: 297.
Bergmann, M., Lutz, B.,TekmanM. B. and Gutow L. (2017b) Citizen scientists reveal: Marine litter pollutes Arctic beaches and affects wild life. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 125(1–2): 535–540. Bergmann, M., Wirzberger, V., Krumpen, T., Lorenz, C., Primpke, S., Tekman, M. B. and Gerdts, G. (2017d) High Quantities of Microplastic in Arctic Deep-Sea Sediments from the HAUSGARTEN Observatory. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(19): 11000–11010. Biastoch, A., Treude, T., Rupke, L. H., Riebesell, U., Roth, C., Burwicz, E. B., et al. (2011) Rising Arctic Ocean temperatures cause gas hydrate destabilization and ocean acidification. Geophysical Research Letters, 38(8): L08602. Binder,T. R., Cooke, S. J. and Hinch S. G. (2011)The Biology of FishMigration. (Farrell A. P., ed.) Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology: From Genome to Environment 3, San Diego, California: Academic Press, pp. 1921–1927. Bokhorst S., Pedersen S. H., Brucker L., et al. (2016) Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts. Ambio, 45(5): 516–537. Buhl-Mortensen, L. and Buhl-Mortensen P. (2017) Marine litter in the Nordic Seas: Distribution composition and abundance. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 125(1–2): 260–270. CAFF (2013) Arctic Biodiversity Assessment: Report for Policy Makers. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Akureyri, Iceland. CAFF (2017) State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Akureyri, Iceland. CAFF and PAME (2017) Arctic Protected Areas: Indicator Report, 2017: Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) and Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME), Akureyri, Iceland. CBD (2009) Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). CBD (2011) Strategic plan for biodiversity 2011-2020. Further information related to the technical rationale for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including potential indicators and milestones. Conference Of The Parties ToThe Convention On Biological Diversity (CBD). Tenthmeeting, Nagoya, Japan, 18–29 October 2010. UNEP/CBD/COP/10/INF/12/Rev.1. CBD (2014) An Updated Synthesis of the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity (S. Hennige, J.M. Roberts and P. Williamson, eds.). Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Montreal, Technical Series No. 75. Collins, M., Knutti, R. Arblaster, J. Dufresne, J.-L. Fichefet, T. Friedlingstein, P., et al., 2013: Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M., Allen, S.K., Boschung, J., et al. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. Comeau, S., Gorsky, G., Jeffree, R., Teyssié, J. L. and Gattuso, J. P. (2009) Impact of ocean acidification on a key Arctic pelagic mollusc (Limacina helicina). Biogeosciences, 6(9): 1877–1882, CMS (2018) Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). Council of Canadian Academies (2014) Aboriginal Food Security in Northern Canada: An Assessment of the State of Knowledge. The Expert Panel on the State of Knowledge of Food Security in Northern Canada, Council of Canadian Academies, Ottawa, ON. Cózar, A., Martí, E., Duarte, C. M., García de Lomas, J., Van Sebille, E., Ballatore, T. J, et al. (2017) The Arctic Ocean as a dead end for floating plastics in the North Atlantic branch of the Thermohaline Circulation. Science Advances, 3(4): e1600582. Dai, A., Lua, D., Song, M. and Liu, J. (2019) Arctic amplification is caused by sea-ice loss under increasing CO2. Nature Communications, 10: 121. Deinet, S., Zöckler, C., Jacoby, D., Tresize, E., Marconi, V., McRae, L., Svobods, M. and Barry, T. (2015) The Arctic Species Trend Index: Migratory Birds Index. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri, Iceland. DiMento, B. P., Mason, R. P., Brooks, S. and Moore, C. (2019) The impact of sea ice on the air-sea exchange of mercury in the Arctic Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 144: 28–38. Dirzo, R., Young, H. S., Galetti, M., Ceballos, G., Isaac, N. J. and Collen, B. (2014) Defaunation in the Anthropocene. Science, 345: 401–406.