Recommendations for action Restoring agro-ecosystems can help meet the food security needs of as many as 740 million more people by 2050, a figure that amounts to more than a quarter of the expected growth in the world population. By recovering depleted fish stock, the increase in available proteins could cover the daily needs of an additional 90 million people. This report recommends the following options to protect and restore ecosystems in order to maintain and secure future food production and reduce food loss and waste:
1. Prioritize ecosystem restoration by implementing sustainable ecosystem-basedmanagement practices as ameans to increase food security and maintain ecosystems. 2. Reduce deforestation and degradation of the world’s forest ecosystems by increasing enforcement efforts against illegal logging through strengthening national enforcement capacity and international collaboration. 3. Enhance sustainable small-scale farming in developing countries , particularly sub-Saharan Africa, by encouraging agricultural practices that are beneficial to the environment and food production such as integrated farming, agroforestry and conservation agriculture. 4. Promote sustainable farming that limits the use of agro- chemicals and avoids fragmentation of habitats for important species such as pollinators. Regulate and prohibit pesticides that may threaten pollinators, particularly honey bees that are responsible for the pollination of one-third of food crop production. Improve food storage and preservation capacity and farmers’ access to markets, particularly in developing countries. 5. Prevent overfishing and illegal discards of fish by strengthening national enforcement of fishing regulations and increasing international collaboration to curb illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing practices. 6. Reduce the amount of food that is wasted at the retail and consumer levels by at least half of the current level of 40 per cent and explore safe ways to utilize food that is not fit for human consumption for animal feed or other uses.