Caspian Sea 2011


and presentation for the state environmental review of proposals for total allowable catches of marine biological resources, state monitoring of marine biological resources; approval of an annual total al- lowable catches of aquatic biological resources in the Caspian Sea, development of federal targeted, departmental and other programs in the mandated activities of the Agency, The Agency exercises the state control and super- vision over compliance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of fisheries and conservation of marine biological resources, with the exception of marine resources in specially pro- tected natural reserves of federal importance and listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. Agency decides on compulsory termination of the right to harvest (catch) of aquatic biological resourc- es assigned to the objects of fishing. Scientific support by the Caspian Fisheries Re- search Institute (KaspNIRKh), producing a re- source assessment. Rosrybolovstvo together with theMarine Inspection border services and special units of theMinistry of In- terior, provides protection of fisheries resources. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environ- ment performs the functions of public policy and legal regulation in the field of study, use, reproduc- tion and protection of natural resources, the field of hydro-meteorology, environmental monitoring, as well as environmental protection, including matters pertaining to the production and con- sumption waste treatment, SPNTs and state envi- ronmental expertise. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Russia issues normative legal acts concerning: - Standards for emissions of pollutants into the environment; - Methodological guidance on the drafting of standards for waste production and quotas on its placing, as well as management of the state register of waste disposal facilities; - Methodological documents on the fines for a negative impact on the environment and the meth-

odology for calculating the damages caused to the environment; - Maintenance of the state cadastre of SPNTs and objects of wildlife; - Organization and implementation of state envi- ronmental monitoring and management of the Uni- fied state database on the environment; - Requirements for the assessment of the impact of materials on the environment. A lack in the effectiveness of enforcement mecha- nisms, including measures to counteract poaching, is seen as a serious barrier to the improvement of the Caspian environment (Questionnaire RF 2010). More effective enforcement would greatly improve the situation, particularly relating to poaching in the region. The lack of cooperation between countries to prevent poaching is acknowledged as a problem by the Russian Federation. The establishment of a bilateral system of cross-border cooperation be- tween Russia and Kazakhstan would improve the situation regarding illegal extractions of the re- sources, especially in Kazakhstan rivers, currently the main poaching area in the North Caspian Sea region (WB 2009). Turkmenistan: Aquatic resources are man- aged and controlled by the State Committee for Fisheries of Turkmenistan (Goskomrybhoz), who is also responsible for the use of biologi- cal resources and licensing procedures. In ad- dition, Goskomrybhoz compiles a list of pro- hibited activities and describes the powers of state inspectors. The committee has a fishing inspection of Turkmenistan, which is respon- sible for monitoring compliance with laws and use of fish resources in the Caspian Sea. The Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmeni- stan is a state body which controls compliance with environmental legislation, oversees protec- tion of ecosystems and natural resources, in- cluding flora and fauna, the marine environment and natural resources in the territorial waters of Turkmenistan. Balkan velayat environmental protection Department of the Ministry of Nature


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