Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010



Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010

of high-latitude breeding western sandpipers. Polar Biol. 30:11–17. 18. Dickey, M.-H., Gauthier, G. & Cadieux, M.-C. 2008. Climatic effects on the breeding phenology and reproductive success of an arctic-nesting goose species. Glob. Change Biol. 14:1973–1985.

The onset of spring and timing of migration in two arctic nesting goose populations: the pink-footed goose Anser bachyrhynchus and the barnacle goose Branta leucopsis . J. Avian Biol. 39:691–703. 17. Niehaus, A.C. & Ydenberg, R.C. 2006. Ecological factors associated with the breeding and migratory phenology

INDICATOR #13 Appearing and disappearing lakes in the Arctic and their impact on biodiversity

F.S., Dyurgerov, M.B., Fastie, C.L., Griffith, B., Hollister, R.D., Hope, A., Huntington, H.P., Jensen, A.M., Jia, G.J., Jorgenson, T., Kane, D.L., Klein, D.R., Kofinas, G., Lynch, A.H., Lloyd, A.H., Mcguire, D., Nelson, F.E., Oechel, W.C., Osterkamp, T.E., Racine, C.H., Romanovsky, V.E., Stone, R.S., Stow, D.A., Sturm, M., Tweedie, C.E., Vourlitis, G.L., Walker, M.D., Walker, D.A., Webber, P.J., Welker, J.M., Winker, K.S. & Yoshikawa, K. 2005. Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other arctic regions. Climatic Change. 72:251-298. 15. Jia, G.J. & Epstein, H.E. 2003. Greening of arctic Alaska, 1981–2001. Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(20), 2067, doi:10.1029/2003GL018268. 16. Riordan, B., Verbyla, D. & McGuire, D.A. 2006. Shrinking ponds in subarctic Alaska based on 1950-2002 remotely sensed images. Journal of Geophysical Research 111: G04002, doi: 10.1029/2005JG000150. 17. Smith, L.C., Sheng, Y., MacDonald, G.M. & Hinzman, L.D. 2005. Disappearing Arctic Lakes. Science. 308:1429. 18. Marsh, P. 2008. Modeling discharge during the rapid drainage of thaw lakes in the western Canadian Arctic. In: D.L. Kane and K.M. Hinkel (eds.) Proc. Ninth Intl. Conf. Permafrost. pp. 1143-1147. Institute for Northern Engineering. Fairbanks, Alaska. 19. Marsh, P. & Neumann, N.N. 2001. Processes controlling the rapid drainage of two ice-rich permafrost dammed lakes in northwest Canada. Hydrol. Processes. 15:3433-3446. 20. Labrecque, S., Lacelle, D., Duguay, C., Lauriol, B. & Hawkings, J. 2009. Contemporary (1951) Evolution of Lakes in the Old Crow Basin, Northern Yukon, Canada: Remote Sensing, Numerical Modelling, and Stable Isotope Analysis. Arctic. 62:225-238. 21. Jorgenson, M.T., Shur, Y.L. & Pullman, E.R. 2006. Abrupt increase in permafrost degradation in Arctic Alaska. Geophys. Res. Lett. 33:L02503, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024960. 22. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA). 2005. Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1042 pp. 23. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution to of Working Group 1 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Mannging, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK: 996 pp. 24. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2007. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M.L. Perry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson (eds.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 851 pp. 25. Bates, B.C., Kundzewicz, Z.W., Wu, S., & Palutikof, J.P. (eds.) 2008. Climate Change and Water. Technical Paper

1. Vincent, W.F., Hobbie, J.E. & Laybourn-Parry, J. 2008. Introduction to the limnology of high-latitude lake and river ecosystems. In: W.F. Vincent and J. Laybourn-Parry (eds.) Polar Lakes and Rivers. pp. 1-23. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2. Hinkel, K.M., Frohn, R.C., Nelson, F.E., Eisner, W.R. & Beck, R.A. 2005. Morphometric and spatial analysis of thaw lakes and drained thaw lake basins in the Western Arctic Coastal Plain, Alaska. Permafrost Periglac. 16:327–341. 3. Cote, M.M. & Burn, C.R. 2002. The oriented lakes of Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula, Western Arctic Coast, Canada: a GIS-based analysis. Permafrost Periglac. 13:61–70. 4. Marsh, P., Russell, M., Pohl, S., Waywood, H. & Onclin, C. 2009. Change in thaw lake drainage in theWestern Canadian Arctic from 1950 to 2000. Hydrol. Process. 23:145-158. 5. Frohn, R.C., Hinkel, K.M. & Eisner, W.R. 2005. Satellite remote sensing classification of thaw lakes and drained thaw lake basins on the North Slope of Alaska. Remote Sens. Environ. 97:116-126. 6. Hinkel, K.M., Jones, B.M., Eisner, W.R., Cuomo, C.J., Beck, R.A. & Frohn, R. 2007. Methods to assess natural and anthropogenic thaw lake drainage on the western Arctic coastal plain of northern Alaska. J. Geophys. Res. 12:F02S16, doi: 10.1029/2006JF000584. 7. White, D.M., Gerlach, S.C., Loring, P., Tidwell, A.C. & Chambers, M.C. 2007. Food and water security in a changing arctic climate. Environ. Res. Lett. 2, 4 pp. 8. Hinkel, K.M., Eisner, W.R. & Bockheim, J.G. 2003. Spatial extent, age, and carbon stocks in drained thaw lake basins on the Barrow Peninsula, Alaska. Arct. Antarct. Alpine Res. 35:291–300. 9. Callaghan, T.V., Björn, L.O., Chernov, Y., Chapin, T., Chirstensen, T.R., Huntley, B., Ims, R.A., Johansson, M., Jolly, D., Jonasson, S., Matveyeva, N., Panikov, N., Oechel, W., Shaver, G., Schaphoff, S. & Sitch, S. 2004. Effects of changes in climate on landscape and regional processes, and feedbacks to the climate systems. Ambio. 33(7):459-468. 10. Walter, K.M., Zimov, S.A., Chanton, J.P., Verbyla, D. & Chapin III, F.S. 2006. Methane bubbling from Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming. Nature. 443:71-75. 11. Jorgenson, M.T., Racine, C.H., Walters, J.C. & Osterkamp, T.E. 2001. Permafrost degradation and ecological changes associated with a warming climate in central Alaska. Climatic Change. 48:551-579. 12. Osterkamp, T.E., Viereck, L., Shur, Y., Jorgenson, M.T., Racine, C., Doyle, A. & Boone, R.D. 2000. Observations of Thermokarst and Its Impact on Boreal Forests in Alaska, U.S.A.. Arct. Antarct. Alpine Res. 32(3):303-315. 13. Payette, S., Delwaid, A., Caccianiga, M. & Beachemin, M. 2004. Accelerated thawing of subarctic peat land permafrost over the last 50 years. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31:L18208, doi:10.1029/2004GL020358. 14. Hinzman, L.D., Bettez, N.D., Bolton, W.R., Chapin,

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