Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010



Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010

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INDICATOR #09 Arctic genetic diversity

inference from mitochondrial DNA variation. P. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci. 268:809-814. 14. Fedorov, V.B. & Stenseth, N. 2002. Multiple glacial refugia in the North American Arctic: inference from Phylogeography of the collared lemming ( Dicrostonyx groenlandicus ). P. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.269:2071-2077. 15. Waltari, E. & Cook, J.A. 2005. Hares on ice: phylogeography and historical demographics of Lepus arcticus , L. othus and L. timidus (Mammalia: Lagomorpha). Mol. Ecol. 14:3005-3016. 16. Harrington, C.R. 2005. The eastern limit of Beringia: mammoth remains from Banks and Melville Islands, North West Territories. Arctic. 58:361-369. 17. Kullman, L. 2008. Early postglacial appearance of tree species in northern Scandinavia: review and perspective. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 27:2467-2472. 18. Fedorov, V.B. 1999. Contrastingmitochondrial DNAdiversity estimates in two sympatric genera of Arctic lemmings ( Dicrostonyx , Lemmus ) indicate different responses to Quaternary environmental fluctuations. P. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci.266: 621-626. 19. Fedorov, V.B., Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, pers. comm. 2009. 20. MacDonald, G.M., Velichko, A.V., Borisova, O.K., Goleva, A.A., Andreev, A.A., Cwynar, L.C., Riding, R.T., Forman, S.L., Edwards, T.W.D., Aravena, R., Hammarlund, D., Szeicz, J.M. & Gattaulin, V.N. 2000. Holocene treeline history and climate change across Northern Eurasia. Quaternary Res. 53:302-311. 21. Hultén, E. 1937. Outline of the History of Arctic and Boreal Biota during the Quaternary Period. Bokforlags Aktiebolaget Thule, Stockholm. 22. Galbreath, K. & Cook, J. 2004. Genetic consequences of Pleistocene glaciations for the tundra vole ( Microtus oeconomus ) in Beringia. Mol. Ecol. 13:135-148. 23. Elias, S.A. & Crocker, B. 2008. The Bering Land Bridge: a moisture barrier to the dispersal of steppe-tundra biota? Quaternary Sci. Rev. 27:2473-2483. 24. Cook, J. A., Hoberg, E.P., Koehler, A., MacDonald, S.O., Henttonen, H., Wickstrom, L., Haukisalmi, V., Galbreath, K., Chernyavski, F., Dokuchaev, N., Lahzuhtkin, A., Hope, A., Waltari, E., Runck, A., Veitch, A., Popko, R., Jenkins, E., Kutz, S. & Eckerlin, R. 2005. Beringia: Intercontinental exchange and diversification of high latitude mammals and their parasites during the Pliocene and Quaternary. Mammal Science 30:S33-S44. 25. Avise, J.C. 2008. Three ambitious (and rather unorthodox) assignments for the field of biodiversity genetics. P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 105:11564-11570. 26. Kutz S.J., Hoberg, E.P., Polley, L. & Jenkins, E.J. 2005. Global warming is changing the dynamics of Arctic host-parasite systems. P. Roy. Soc. B-Biol. Sci. 272:2571-2576. 27. Hewitt, G.M. 1996. Some genetic consequences of ice ages and their role in divergence and speciation. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 58:247-276.

1. O’Corry-Crowe, G. 2008. Climate change and the molecular ecology of Arctic marine mammals. Ecol. Appl. 18:S56-S76. 2. Pearce, J.M., Talbot, S.L., Petersen, M.R. & Rearick, J.R. 2005. Limited genetic differentiation among breeding, molting, and wintering groups of the threatened Steller’s eiders: The role of historic and contemporary factors. Conserv. Genet. 6: 743-757. 3. Marthinsen, G., Wennerberg, L., Solheim, R. & Lifjeld, J.T. 2009. No phylogeographic structure in the circumpolar snowy owl ( Bubo scandiacus ). Conserv. Genet. 10:923-933. 4. Markova, A. K., Smirnov, N.G., Kozharinov, A.V., Kazantseva, N.E., Simakova, A.N. & Kitaev, L.M. 1995. Late Pleistocene distribution and diversity of mammals in northern Eurasia. Paleontologia I Evolucia 28-29:5-143. 5. Faunmap Working Group. 1996. Spatial response of mammals to late Quaternary environmental fluctuations. Science 272: 1601-1606. 6. Svendsen, J.I., Alexanderson, H., Astakhov, V.I. Demidov, I., Dowdeswell, J. A., Funder, S., Gataullin, V., Henriksen, M., Hjort, C., Houmark-Nielsen, M., Hubberten, H.W., Ingolfsson, O., Jakobsson, M., Kjaer, K. H., Larsen, E., Lokrantz, H., Lunkka, J. P., Lysa, A., Mangerud, J., Matiouchkov, A., Murray, A., Moller, P., Niessen, F., Nikolskaya, O., Polyak, L., Saarnisto, M., Siegert, C., Siegert, M. J., Spielhagen, R. F. & Stein, R. 2004. Late quaternary ice sheet history of northern Eurasia. Quaternary Sci. Rev., 23:1229–1271. 7. Dyke, A.S., Andrews, J.T., Clark, P.U., England, J.H., Miller, G.H., Shaw, J. & Veillette, J.J. 2002. The Laurentide and Innuitian ice sheets during the last glacial maximum. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 21:9–31. 8. Fedorov, V.B., Fredga, K. & Jarrell, G. 1999. Mitochondrial DNA variation and the evolutionary history of chromosome races of collared lemmings ( Dicrostonyx ) in the Eurasian Arctic. J. Evol. Biol. 12:134-145. 9. Fedorov, V.B., Jaarola, M., Goropashnaya, A.V. & Cook, J.A. 2003. Phylogeography of lemmings ( Lemmus ): no evidence for postglacial colonization of Arctic from the Beringian refugium. Mol. Ecol. 12:725-731. 10. Brunhoff, C., Galbreath, K.E., Fedorov, V.B., Cook, J.A. & Jaarola, M. 2003. Holarctic phylogeography of the root vole, Microtus oeconomus : implications for the historical biogeography of high latitudes. Mol. Ecol. 12:957-968. 11. Flagstad, Ø. & Røed, K.H. 2003. Refugial origin of reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus ) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Evolution 57:658-670. 12. Wickström, L.M., Haukisalmi, V., Varis, S., Hantula, J., Fedorov, V.B. & Henttonen, H. 2003. Phylogeography of the circumpolar Paranoplocephala arctica species complex (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) parasitizing collared lemmings ( Dicrostonyx spp.) Mol. Ecol. 12:3359-3371. 13. Fedorov, V.B. & Stenseth, N.C. 2001. Glacial survival of the Norwegian lemming ( Lemmus lemmus ) in Scandinavia:

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