Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010



Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010

INDICATOR #03 Shorebirds – red knot

for Conservation Sciences, Manomet, MA. 6. Niles, L.J., Sitters, H.P., Dey, A.D., Atkinson, P.W., Baker, A.J., Bennett, K.A., Clark, K.E., Clark, N.A., Espoz, C., Gonzalez, P.M., Harrington, B.A., Hernandez, D.E., Kalasz, K.S., Matus, R.N., Minton, C.D.T, Morrison, R.I.G., Peck, M.K. & Serrano, I.L. 2008. Status of the Red Knot ( Calidris canutus rufa ) in the Western hemisphere. Stud. Avian Biol- Ser. 36. Cooper Ornithological Society. 7. Baker, A.J., Gonzalez, P.M., Piersma, T., Niles, L.J., do Nascimento, I.L.S., Atkinson, P.W., Clark, N.A., Minton, C.D.T., Peck, M.K. & Aarts, G. 2004. Rapid population decline in Red Knot: fitness consequences of decreased refuelling rates and late arrival in Delaware Bay. Proc. Royal Soc. London. 271:875-882.

1. Delany, S. & Scott, D. (eds.) 2006. Waterbird population estimates.Wetlands International,Wageningen, Netherlands. articleType/ArticleView/articleId/2028/Default.aspx [Accessed 20 March 2010]. 2. Visser, D., University of Groningen, Netherlands, pers. comm. 2009. 3. van Gils, J.A., Piersma, T., Dekinga, A., Spaans, B. & Kraan, C. 2006. Shellfish dredging pushes a flexible avian top predator out of a marine protected area. PLoS Biol. 4(12):e376. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040376. 4. Minton, C.D.T., Australasian Wader Studies Group, pers. comm. 2009. 5. Brown, S., Hickey, C. Harrington, B. & Gill, R. (eds.) 2001. U.S. shorebird conservation plan, 2nd ed. Manomet Center 1. Gaston, A.J. & Jones, I.L. 1998. The Auks – Alcidae. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. 2. Falk, K., Benvenuti, S, Dall’antonia, L, Kampp, K, & Ribolini, A. 2000. Time allocation and foraging behaviour of chick- rearing Brunnich’s Guillemots Uria lomvia in high-arctic Greenland. Ibis 142:82-92. 3. Elliott, K., Woo, K., Gaston, A.J., Benvenuti, S., Dall’Antonia, & Davoren, G. 2008. Foraging behaviour of an arctic seabird indicates prey type. Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser. 354:289-303. 4. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Circumpolar Seabird Group (CBird) of CAFF members, pers. comm. 2009. See [Accessed 15 March 2010]. 5. Dierschke, J., Dierschke, V., Schmaljohann, F. & Stuehmer, F. 2009. Ornithologischer Jahresbericht fur Helgoland. 19:1-91. 6. Syroechkovskiy, E., Yakushev, N., Artiukhov, A. & Konyukhov, N., ECORA Project, pers. comm. 2010. 7. Irons, D.B., Anker-Nilssen, T., Gaston, A.J., Byrd, G.V., Falk, K., Gilchrist, G., Hario, M., Hjernquist, M., Krasnov, Y.V., Mosbech, A., Olsen, B., Petersen, A., Reid, J., Robertson, G., Strom, H. & Wohl, K.D. 2008. Magnitude of climate shift determines direction of circumpolar seabird population trends. Global Change Biol. 14:1455-1463. 8. Falk, K. & Kampp K. 1997. A manual for monitoring Thick- billed Murre populations in Greenland. Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Nuuk, Technical Report No. 7. 9. Gardarsson, A. 2006. Nýlegar breytingar á fjölda íslenskra bjargfugla [Recent changes in cliff-breeding seabirds in Iceland]. Bliki 27:13-22.

INDICATOR #04 Shorebirds – murres (guillemots)

10. Falk, K., Kampp, K., & Merkel, F. R. 2000. Monitering af lomviekolonierne i Sydgrønland, 1999. Technical Report no. 32. Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Pinngortitaleriffik. 11. Merkel F. R., Frich, A. S., Hangaard, P. 1999. Polarlomvien i Disko Bugt og sydlige Upernavik, 1998. Bestandsopgørelse og grundlag for fremtidig monitering af lomviebestandene. Technical Report no. 25, Greenland Institute of Natural Ressources, Pinngortitaleriffik. 12. Merkel, F. R., Labansen, A. L. &Witting, L. 2007. Monitering af lomvier og rider i Qaanaaq Kommune, 2006. Technical Report no. 69, Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Pinngortitaleriffik. 13. Stirling, I. & Parkinson, C.L. 2006. Possible effects of climate warming on selected populations of polar bears ( Ursus maritimus ) in the Canadian Arctic. Arctic 59:261-275. 14. Gaston, A.J., Gilchrist, H.G. & Hipfner, J.M. 2005. Climate change, ice conditions and reproduction in an Arctic nesting marine bird: the thick-billed murre ( Uria lomvia , L.) J. Anim. Ecol. 74:832-841. 15. AMAP (Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme). 2008. Arctic Oil and Gas. AMAP. Olso, Norway. 40 pp. 16. Braune, B.M., Donaldson, G.M. & Hobson, K.A. 2001. Contaminant residues in seabird eggs from the Canadian Arctic. Part I. Temporal trends 1975-1998. Environ. Pollut. 114:39-54. 17. Wiese, F. & Robertson, G.J. 2004. Assessing seabird mortality from chronic oil discharges at sea. J. Wildl. Manage. 68:627-638.

INDICATOR #05 Seabirds – common eider

14 January 2010] 3. Merkel, F.R. & Barry, T. 2008. Seabird harvest in the Arctic. CAFF Technical Report No. 16. 2008. Akureyri, Iceland, CAFF International Secretariat, Circumpolar Seabird Group of CAFF. (CBird) 4. Bédard, J., Nadeau, A., Giroux, J.-F. & Savard, J.-P. 2008. Eiderdown: Characteristics and harvesting procedures. Société Duvetnor Ltée and Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Québec Region, Québec.

1. Bustnes, J.O. & Tertitski, G.M. 2000. Common eider Somateria mollissima. Pages 46-50 In: T. Anker-Nilssen, V. Bakken, H. Strøm, A.N. Golovkin, V.V. Bianki and I.P. Tatarinkova (eds.) The status of marine birds breeding in the Barents Sea region. Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø. 2. Goudie, R.I., Robertson, G.J. & Reed, A. 2000. Common Eider Somateria mollissima . In: A. Poole (ed.) Birds of North America Online. No 456. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY. [Accessed

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